Description of Woven Fabric: These are textile products produced by at least two yarn systems connecting each other in a certain order and forming right angles. Weaving is one of the techniques of surface formation in textile. Fabrics formed by connecting two yarn systems at right angles according to certain rules are called weaving. In weaving, warp threads are located parallel to each other in a certain number and side by side. Passing the weft thread through the warp layer, which should move in the direction in which the weaving is made, and including it in the fabric, are repeatedly basic operations.

Woven fabrics are made on rapier machines. Woven fabrics are not able to stretch as much as knitted fabric, it is both positive and negative point of the woven fabrics. Thanks to the its resistant structure it is preferred for out-wear clothes such as coat, suite, trench coat and rain coat. One of the deficient points of the weaving fabrics is that if not used to pinking shears or hemming methods for fixing the woven fabric corners, they are usually frayed. Much variety of fabrics that can be easily cut into different shapes and are excellent for producing garments are produced by the weaving method.

Significant Features of Woven Fabrics

  • Woven fabrics are produced in simple or complex weaving machines that combine warp and weft threads at right angles.
  • – Weft and warp frequencies can be very variable; Voile: 44 threads Poplin: 100 threads
  • – The surface structure can be clear, sparse or non-porous.
  • – They can be very light or very heavy.
  • – The pulls vary depending on the weave; however, it is low voltage compared to knitting. Thread frequencies are important.
  • – Attitude properties vary according to yarn type, yarn tightening and finishing processes, it is harder than other textile surfaces.
  • – It is robust because the distance between the yarns is small.
  • – All kinds of weaving can be made from any kind of fiber.
  • – Unlimited fabrics can be created by designing different patterns by changing the knitting type.
  • – When elastic yarns are not used, the flexibility is very low and includes the least stretch warp, and the most stretch is at 45 angular.
  • – Wrinkle tendencies are high. In contrast, ironing properties are high.
  • – Because of their stability, they show easier cutting and sewing features in ready-made clothing.
  • – Moisture absorption feature: Woven fabrics absorb less moisture than knitted fabrics.

What are Woven Fabric Types?


It is weaving which is added to the weft or warp threads in the basic weaving, in a looser state with an additional weft or warp, and then cut to give a pile (hairy) surface. Pile Weavings: Pile in pile fabrics such as velvet, pile and carpet are created with special warp threads. A loose pile or loop warp rests on a stretched base warp. During the weaving process, the pile warp slides over the basic warp so that the loops of the additional warp threads remain on the fabric surface.


Satin is a kind of weaving; It is a plain, very bright and slippery surface fabric. Threads are very often woven on each other and on both sides of the fabric. When it comes to satin, fabrics that are plain, smooth, soft, draped, shiny and woven with yarns suitable for this character should be considered. Satin fabric has a shiny and slippery structure; it is an extremely elegant fabric with varieties such as cotton, wool and silk. The biggest feature of satin fabric is that it has a non-matte glossy structure. Due to its brightness and softness, satin fabric used in many areas shows a very stylish stance in many products it is used because it has a different texture and bright appearance than other fabrics.


These are trousers and topcoat fabrics woven with a warp-faced twill weave. It is a durable and less elastic fabric. The warp density is increased to ensure water resistance in the fabrics produced for topcoat. It can glow while ironing. Usually with 56/2 Nm worsted yarns, 40 wires in 1 cm in warp and 25 wires in weft are often woven.


It is a stamp-like stray fabric, the surface of which is barked with a heavy fulling and lightly raising process. In fact, 12/1 Nm stray is the name given to a special fabric, which is woven with twill weave, 16 strands in 1 cm, twill weave, used as a sports jacket or a woman’s cap. However, today this name is used for stamp type heavy weight fabrics.


It is a very soft and translucent fabric, woven in plain weave, thin, single-ply and high-twisted yarn. It is woven with single ply, fine silk threads. It is very thin and light looking. Organza can be placed under the motif, and can be used in Turkish business, Chinese needle, stamp-beadwork, simple embroidery needles and suzeni. Clothing made of chiffon is primarily transparent and lightweight. Made of natural silk, chiffon is one of the most expensive and valuable materials. Polyamide can also be used as fiber. Chiffon made of synthetic fibers is much cheaper and much longer lasting. Silk chiffon is a luxury but fragile fabric.

Denim (Blue Jean)

It is woven in different colors with D 2/1 or D 1/2 twill weave, colored warp and white scarf. Denim fabrics are used as trousers, skirts, lining. The warp yarn count is 40/2 Ne and the frequency is 48 strands / cm. The weft yarn number is 12/1 Ne and the frequency is 20 strands / cm.


It is a fabric woven from merino wool with plain knitting and stray threads.. 33%, 25% are pulled from the end and felt. A heavy fulling process is applied. A lint layer is formed on the surface of the fabric. It is generally used in pool tables by being painted in dark green color.


 It is a widely used tulle fabric woven with a plain weave. The warp and weft are woven with 70 denier texturized, twisted polyester yarn, 30 wires per 1 cm of weft and warp with 30 number combs. It has varieties with jacquard patterns and fancy yarns.


Voile fabric is a lightweight, comfortable textile raw material made of 100% cotton, which is as thin as 60/1. The word meaning “voile” from French means thin cover. Silk is likened to fabric as it has a shiny and slippery structure. It is obtained by touching thin and sparsely. Voile fabric types show richness in terms of patterns, colors and areas where they are used.

Stamp Fabric

D 2/2 knit, fine number stray garn is woven from yarn. The woven fabric is felted by a heavy fulling process and a surface is quenched. They are plain color dress and decks. Thicker types are used as winter coat and topcoat.


Atlas is a type of fabric that is woven from fine silk, solid color, hard and shiny, processed with gold and silver wires. It is a fabric valued according to the Atlas touch. Atlas spread from Andalusia to Spain in the 14th century through Arabs and from there to Europe. In the 15th century, it started to touch in Italy and France. The Seljuk atlas bought Istanbul from the Byzantines, and the Ottomans under the name of Frank atlas from Europe.


Why Should I Prefer Woven Fabric?

Woven fabric is one of the most significant producing types of fabrics. It is also the most preferred type. Both woven fabrics and knitted fabrics are often used depending on usage aim. If you want to produce outwear or topcoat clothes you may choose a woven fabric. But, if you aim to obtain more stretchy garments, knitted fabrics would be a better option for you. Shortly, woven fabrics have also a wide range usage area depending on the production purpose.

You may order your own creations as well as from our unique designs. As Kamer Fabric, we have been manufacturing exclusive products for our clients. You may contact us for further information.