Knitted fabric is formed by knitting elements and surfaces as a result of binding the yarn with the previous loop and the next loops. Knitted fabrics are the following general owners:

General Properties of Knitted Fabrics

  • The elasticity of knitted fabrics inherent in their nature and the ability to recover after stretching,
  • Adaptation according to body movements,
  • They do not require any ironing.
  • Loops easily run away and unravel.
  • They shrink unless they are stabilized.
  • The thickness and weight diversity that can be worn in all seasons of the year is valid for knitted fabrics. Again, they provide better heat than woven fabrics with the same meter-tulle weight.
  • Knitted fabrics do not have as strong covering properties as woven fabrics. Knitted fabrics can keep warm in cold weather conditions.

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What is Woven Fabric?

Accordingly, woven fabric; is a textile product produced by spreading at least two threads in a certain order with each other and at right angles.

General Properties of Woven Fabrics

  • Woven fabrics are produced on simple or complex weaving machines that combine warp and weft yarns at right angles.
  • Weft and warp density can be very variable; Voile: 44 threads Poplin: 100 threads
  • Fabrics suitable for all climatic conditions are produced.
  • Surface structure can be open, sparse, or non-porous. Cheesecloth, coat, trousers.
  • They can be very heavy as well as very light loading: 50-60G / M2 Voile 25000- 3000G / M2 such as carpet
  • They are stable.
  • Shrinkage varies depending on the weaving weave, but it is more than knitting. Thread density is important.
  • Handling properties vary according to the type, yarn density, and finishing processes. It is hard compared to other textile surfaces.
  • It is robust due to the small distance between the threads.
  • All kinds of weaving can be made from all kinds of fibers
  • Unlimited fabrics can be created with different patterning by changing the knitting type.
  • Elasticity is very low when elastic yarns are not used, and the least stretch is in the warp direction, the most stretch is in the 45-angle media.
  • Wrinkling tendency is higher. On the other hand, washing prices are high.
  • With their stability, they show easier cutting and sewing features in apparel.
  • Yarn change number: Warp yarn system and Weft yarn system.
  • Elasticity and flexibility: There is a transverse elasticity and flexibility. Weft threadless in the way warp thread is almost nonexistent.
  • Moisture absorption feature: Woven fabrics absorb less moisture than surface fabrics.

Knitting can be done much faster than weaving. In addition, fabric type change occurs in a much shorter time in single yarn knitting machines. Apart from that, the goods can be delivered in a short time. Although knitted fabrics have the ability to produce faster than woven fabrics, according to market researches, fabric prices are almost the same as woven fabrics. Some articles are even higher at 12%.

Since knitted fabrics are knitted by giving a loop form to yarns, the covering factor of knitted fabric is lower than the covering factor of woven fabric. As it has the ability to cover as much as woven fabrics, Fabrics manage to provide better than woven fabrics with the same meter-tulle weight. Knitted fabrics contain inert air, which is the basis of heat, due to their bulky special and loop structures, and for this reason, they have the opportunity to hold the point on the covers in cold weather conditions.

Differences Between Knitted and Woven Fabrics

  1. Knitted fabric production is faster than woven fabric production.
  2. Knitted fabrics can have a flexible structure, but there is no stretch in woven fabrics (except lycra).
  3. The moisture absorption feature of knitted fabrics is higher than woven fabrics. · The tendency of knitted fabrics after washing is higher than weaving.
  4. Knitted fabrics are less wrinkled compared to weaving. For this reason, folding and packaging are easier and faster.
  5. Knitted fabrics are more draped. It covers the body easily. Even if the woven fabrics are made to be draped, it does not fit the body curves and does not give the comfort of the fabrics in the fabrics.
  6. Knitted fabrics do not need to be washed after sewing, they reach the consumer ready-made. In products sewn from woven fabrics, depending on the type and location of the fabric, it is washed after sewing in order to obtain the desired result in touch, sewing effect, and appearance, then it is prepared and sent to sale.
  7. Knitted fabric products are produced as socks, tights, athletes, underwear, sweatshirt, t-shirts, tracksuits (top and bottom), baby clothes, while woven fabric products include trousers, shirts, jackets, coats, coats, jumpsuits, shorts, raincoats. are produced.