Rib fabric, which is frequently used in the textile field, has a homogeneous and flexible structure. Rib, which is one of the fabric types that is comfortable to use, has been given a flexible structure with its special sewing and knitting style. Coloring and sewing functions can be done, it is one of the useful materials that can be washed, ironed, and dried.

Rib fabric, which is generally one of the clothing textile materials, is a type of fabric obtained with 2 × 2 and 1 × 1 two rows of straight and two rows of reverse loop knitting technique. The fabric, which has a flexible structure thanks to its knitting and rope structure, can be cut and the cut edges do not curl.

It is preferred in the field of sportswear and upper clothing due to its flexible structure. Thanks to the fabric structure that can be used in both directions, it is used for a long time and at the same time, it is among the fabric types with higher weight than other fabrics. The fabric called rubber knitting is a product in which “Rubber” is not used in the part of rope and knitting. It provides flexibility due to its knitting shape.

Using Places for Rib Fabrics

Rib fabrics used between clothing and medical supplies provide flexibility due to their knitting properties. At the same time, the fabric, which can be used in both directions, has a high elasticity and elongation rate. The fabric obtained by the knitting technique ensures that the cut edges are not curled, preserves the user’s body temperature, keeps it warm, and ensures that it is not penetrated by cold.

The fabric preferred for upper clothing is among the textile products preferred in areas such as socks and hats with its transverse stretch feature. The fabric, which has the same appearance on the front and back, is among the materials preferred in the field of medicine with its bidirectional use. These fabrics, which have become a special fabric originating from a two plain purl knitting technique, have a life-facilitating homogeneous structure.

Is Rib Fabric Healthy?

Rib fabric, one of the textile materials, is not exposed to chemicals due to the materials used in the construction phase. The fabric, which is obtained with a very natural yarn knitting form, has not been observed to be harmful to health as long as the user is not allergic. The fabric, which does not use rubber compared to other fabric types, is among the products that do not contain materials such as nylon.

Rib fabric, which is used in clothing textile products, is one of the materials suitable for daily use. Rib fabrics are one of the most preferred products in the production of clothes, hats, upper clothes, and socks, which have not been observed to harm health as a result of washing and ironing.

How to Clean Rib Fabric?

This fabric type, which does not require any special care, is a type of fabric where shrinkage is observed in extremely hot and boiling water. For this reason, the fabric, which is generally preferred to be washed below 40 degrees, may stain like other fabrics or bring the dirt to the foreground according to its colors. The fabric, which has a wide area of ​​use, is among the knitted fabric types and is among the useful and extremely easy-care products.

The rib fabric, which is washed in a washing machine and handwashing, can absorb boiling water due to its nature. It is one of the most preferred fabric types among clothing textile products, as it offers the user an effortless cleaning opportunity.

Rib Fabric Production

Ribbed circular knitted fabrics are a type of double-layered fabric obtained by placing the cylinder and cap needles crosswise to each other in double-plate circular knitting machines.

The most important feature that expresses ribbed fabrics is that when the fabric is opened in its width direction, the plain (R) and reverse (L) loops appear alternately on both sides depending on the knitting pattern. The structure of the fabric consists of straight and reverse loops, one after the other.

How is Rib Fabric produced?

Rib, which has such fine touches that human eye and hand labor is not possible, is obtained by special machines. It is one of the fabric types obtained by steel machines, especially in terms of sewing method and loop sensitivity.

Two straight reverse methods, the rib produced by knitting industry products has never been a fabric that can be prepared by hand. Rib usage is widespread throughout the world and its cost is one of the materials with a lower budget than other fabric types.

Production of RR Plain Rib Knits

Ribbed circular knitted fabrics are fabrics in which some loops are pulled on the fabric face and some on the reverse. Ribbed fabrics have a very good stretch in the transverse direction. Since ribbed knit fabrics are knitted on two needle beds, (R) and (L) loops are seen alternately on the front and back sides. The simplest way is to look at the part where the thread has been removed from above. Accordingly, the loops follow a diagonal path from the front to the back, from the back to the front. In addition, when the fabric is stretched too much in its width direction, it is seen that the loops (R) and (L) move alternately.

rib fabric structure

Rib Fabric Properties

  • The term rubber knitting is a commonly used term because of the high flexibility of ribbed fabrics, especially in the transverse direction, it is not knitted with rubber thread. What characterizes the fabrics of this type of knitting are the distinctively straight and reverse loops on both sides of the fabric.
  • The structure of the fabric consists of straight and reverse loops, one after the other.
  • If the number of reverse and face stitches is equal, the front and backside of the fabric have the same appearance. Both aspects can be used.
  • It is a homogeneous fabric.
  • R loop bars are on both sides. If two rows of straight, two rows of reverse loops appear alternately on both sides of the fabric, it is called a 2 × 2 and 2 × 1 rib. If there is a straight loop, it becomes a 1 × 1 rib or a full rib.
  • It protects the body from cold and keeps it warm as air is kept between two layers of knitting.
  • Does not curl from cut edges.
  • Only escape from the last stitch is observed.
  • Rib fabric is higher in weight and thicker than supreme.
  • Rib fabric has high elasticity and elongation properties.
  • Usually, it has a wide range of use in upper clothing and medical, special sportswear, skirts of t-shirts, collars, sleeves, knitted cuffs, knitted hats, men’s socks, and similar areas.